At least seven other states, including GeorgiaIowaLouisianaMontanaOregonTexas and Wisconsinhave experimented with chemical castration. In most cases, medication triggers the pituitary gland to reduce testosterone to prepubescent levels. Archived from the original on November 16, The physiological effects of androgen blockers are well established, because the drugs used in chemical castration are also commonly used in people with cancer, especially of the prostate, where testosterone can help tumors grow.
We want to hear what you think about this article. Current Psychiatry Reports. The measure applies to sex offenders convicted of certain crimes involving children younger than
The program developers note the voluntary nature of the program a crucial factor in its success. A judge would decide when the medication could be stopped. When used on females, the effects are similar, though there is little research about chemically lowering female's sex drive or female-specific anaphrodisiacs, since most research focuses on the opposite, but anti-androgenic hormone regimens would lower testosterone in females which can impact sex drive or sexual response.
Small studies have found that recidivism decreased when offenders received antidepressant medications, not anti-testosterone medications. James HamblinM. InJohn Money became the first American to employ chemical castration by prescribing medroxyprogesterone acetate MPA, the base ingredient now used in DMPA as a treatment for a patient dealing with pedophilic urges.
The evidence on chemical castration is much less clear.
Experiments in criminology and law: a research revolution. In every case, though, the suggestion is that this would be consensual, voluntary care. Some legal groups have raised concerns about use of forced medication. The Pharmaceutical Studies Reader.
Search Submit search Suggested Search. In , in an experiment by P. Florida State University Law Review. Some criminologists argue that the appearance of a lower recidivism rate in male sex offenders who take chemical castration treatment than in those who do not can be explained by factors other than biological effects of the medication.
The Atlantic. Other people seek help when an all-consuming libido becomes a problem in daily life.